Incredible India is a treasure trove of so many varieties. A part from the natural, architectural treasures our mother land allure tourists with different religious tours unlike other countries. Rich in culture and traditions, India is a perfect destination to explore different religious aspects and beliefs. Besides Hindu tourism, Islam and Christian tourism, India offers deep insight into the Buddhist tourism in India to its guest. Originated in India, Buddhism preaches the path of practice and spiritual development and is one of the most followed paths with the teaching that have the utmost relevance. Many people aspire to understand, follow and know more about Buddhism to bring peace, calmness and spiritual awakening in their lives. They offer to travel finest and most popular Buddhist sacred sites of the world to understand and experience Buddhist teachings and lifestyle.
Buddhist Destination- Mystical Ecstasy of India
The world renowned religion Buddhism has roots in our country- India. From here only, it spreads across the globe. Buddhism was born in India by Gautam Buddha in city of Lumbini. Even Gautam Buddha attained enlightenment at a place near Gaya. The place is called Bodhgaya after enlightenment. Other than this Lord Buddha gave his first sermon to his five disciples in a place near Varanasi, called Sarnath which could be reached easily from Varanasi – via air, road and rail. Lord Buddha attained nirvana in Kushinagar, India.
Kushinagaris located near Gorakhpur in the district of eastern Uttar Pradesh, where the last memories of Lord Buddha are found. The lord fell ill and passed away in Kushinagar. His mortal remains were conserved in 8 commemorative Chortens, which is further distributed by King Ashoka. This place is well known for its cultural heritage all over the world. This place is one of the four holiest places for the Buddhists as here Lord Buddha attained Nirvana or we can say that here he delivered his last sermon and left to abode. For other Asian countries, this place is an International Buddhist Pilgrimage Centre.
It has large number of Buddhist monasteries, stupas, temples and caves. You could find beautiful art works on the walls, enshrining statues of Lord Buddha. It is an important Buddhist pilgrimage site where Buddha attained Parinirvana after his death. A visit to this place will help you to attain peace and spiritual awakening.
History of the place
Kushinagar was capital city for Malla dynasty of ancient India. It was located near the Hiranyavati River, Gautama Buddha left his corporeal self and attained Parinirvana and was cremated. It is one of the principal centres for Buddhist. In ancient India, it was capital of Malla dynasty and one of the famous sixteen Maharanpads. Many of the ruined stupas and Viharas at Kushinagara date back to 3rd century BC to the 5th century AD when prosperity was at its peak. The Mauryan emperor Ashoka is known to have contributed to significant construction at this site.
Excavations began in the late 1800s and many important remnants of the main site such as the Matha Kuar and Ramabhar stupa were unveiled. General A. Cunningham and A.C.L deserves credit for bringing this ancient site to light, they after excavating this site in 1861 established its antiquity for first time. Even Chinese travellers Fa Hien and Hieun Tsang have also mentioned Kushinagar in their travelogues. Later, between 1904 and 1912, several excavations conducted by the Archaeological Survey of India at Kushinagar confirmed its identity.
Kushinagar is pilgrimage site and centre especially for Buddhists form Asian Countries.
Here various temples have been constructed by Chinese, Sri Lankan, Thai, and Japanese Buddhists alongside the ruins of ancient monasteries and stupas.
Temples and other sights at Kushinagar include:
Huge Temple complex built in typical Thai Buddhist architectural style
In 1876, Carlyl exposed this huge brickwork stupa which stands at 2.74m height. Copper vessel was unearthed at this site having an inscription on it in ancient Brahmi which states that Lord Buddha’s remains had been deposited here.
It is having 6.10 meter long statue of the reclining Buddha. The statue is carved from Chunar sandstone representing dying Buddha reclining on right side and according to an inscription below statue dates to the fifth century.
This shrine is about 400 yards from the Nirvana Stupa. Here a stone image of Lord Buddha in the earth touching posture under the ‘Bodhi tree’ was excavated here.
About 1.5 km away from Mahaparinirvana Temple, this large Stupa have a height of 15 meters, where the Lord Buddha was cremated. This Stupa has been referred to as ‘Mukut-Bandhan Chaitya’, in ancient Buddhist texts.
In this temple, special attraction is a beautiful statue of Lord Buddha.
Here you can see a beautiful eight metal statue of Lord Buddha which was brought from Japan.
Govt. Buddha Museum
The Buddha Museum contains finds from the site excavations at Kushinagar.
Other places to visit include Indo-Japanese-Sri Lankan Temples, Burmese Temple, Birla Hindu Buddha Temple, Krean Temple, Shiva Temple, Ram-Janki Temple and Meditation Park.
Kushinagar is the most blessed place where Lord Buddha took Maha Samadhi as well as his lasting memories can be witnessed in every corner of the shrine.
Buddhism followers will doubtlessly find there solace amidst Buddhist Destinations in India and the most consecrated traverse will be undoubtedly soul rewarding for every religious enthusiasts.