Buddhism is one of those religions which spread very rapidly across the globe and people started following this religion. Most of the people know Buddhism and its origin but very few of them are aware that Buddhism is divided in three types. Those who are the followers and believer of Buddha know the three sections into which Buddhism is divided:
Theravada Buddhism (Southern Buddhism)
|Origin||India / Sri Lanka|
|Deity||None (n/a) / pantheon of deities|
|Sacred Texts||Pali Tipitaka, Jataka|
This one is known to be the oldest surviving types of Buddhism. This word came for Pali Language which means “The Doctrines of Elders or The Teachings of Elders“. People who follow Theravada usually try to train their mind through meditation and to encourage freedom of the mind from suffering. According to them, this freedom of suffering allows the individual to achieve the highest spiritual goal – i.e. NIRVANA.
Mahayana Buddhism (Eastern Buddhism)
|Deity||None / pantheon of deities|
|Sacred Texts||Pali, Mahayana Canon|
This section of Buddhism is known for teaching Pali Conon which is the religious text of Southern Buddhism – Theravada, with some additional beliefs. Mahayana is also known as the “Great Vehicle” and is prominent in North Asia, China, Mangolia, Korea and Japan. This section of Buddhism believes in practice of universal compassion, which is the altruistic quest for attaining “Buddha Hood“which is a state of “Awakened Mind”.
|Sacred Texts||Tantras, Tibetan Book of the Dead, Life of Milarepa|
This is the third type of Buddhism that was located in the Northern. This type of Buddhism is also considered to be a type of Mahayana Buddhism, but this was also embraces other teachings, texts, and practices that some are not seen in the eastern type. This is also sometimes called Tantric Buddhism or Vajrayana and this was uses both Mahayana and Theraveda scriptures.